The Complete Guide to Candle Wick Sizes

When burning a candle in the room, we want a pleasant atmosphere around. We all want our candles to burn cleanly,  or even better, to purify the air in the room. A properly wicked candle is able to release less or no soot while burning. A properly wicked candle has just enough heat to melt the wax down about 1/4 to 1/2 inch. That delivers enough fuel to the flame while won’t make the container overheat. In conclusion, several steps are involved when trying to figure out how to choose the right candle wick size.

Make sure there is no draft that can impact the burn profile of the candle while testing. I know this process will take a long time and you will use a lot of supplies. However, the truth is you should make a few dozen candles and a few months of testing before selling candles to anyone. Keep in mind that these are only estimates for LX and ECO wicks. Finding the right wick size requires some experimenting.

  • Then choose a wick size that is appropriate for half of the diameter of the jar.
  • Watch our “Choosing the Right Wick Size” video to see how a properly wicked candle burns.
  • His wax varies from relatively clean to blocks with rivers of honey buried inside.

It’s not easy, but we will walk you through the whole process. If you’re making candles with candle making kits, things will be simpler as some of them may include the right wicks to pair the candle wax and containers. Trying to double wick the Aura vessel (Makesy) and Evermore Cylinder (1617) with your new P series wicks and wondered what you recommend. With that in mind, the recommendations in this candle wicking chart are not guaranteed to work in all situations.

Wick Size Chart Guide to Choosing a Candle Wick

It may be exactly the wick you need depending on the fragrance oil, fragrance oil load, dyes and type of wax you are using. However, some adjustment may be needed if you are using a particularly high fragrance load or special blend of wax. A complete wax pool means that the wick is hot enough to melt the surface wax of the candle from rim to rim with the surface wax completely melted. A wick that is hot enough to do this, while maintaining its level is essentially the perfect size wick for a container.

These three different wick sizes will allow you to test a variety of wicks allowing you to see the impact of your wax, fragrance oil and dye combination. This chart will tell you which wicks you need for paraffin wax container candles based on the wax type and the diameter of the container that you are using. Let’s take a closer look at candle wicks and how to choose the right candle wick size so that your candles work as intended every time. Higher viscous waxes such as single pour paraffin wax, soy (vegetable) wax, and beeswax, may require up to several sizes larger than the recommendations below. The chart gives some general guidelines for wick sizes, but in order to ensure that the correct wick size is used, a burn test needs to be performed.

The LX series wick is a flat braided wick stabilizing threads and a special treatment. It is designed to improve the burning of solid scented, solid colored votives, and container and pillar candles. The RRD series is a directional round wick with a cotton core and tension threads. It is designed to improve the burning of solid scented, solid colored votive and container candles.

  • Let the three candles cure for a minimum of 7 days for soy wax.
  • The RRD series is a directional round wick with a cotton core and tension threads.
  • So an ECO 14 is always bigger than an ECO 10, and an ECO 4 is always smaller than an ECO 6.
  • When it comes to choosing a wick best suited to your candle, it’s actually really important to take into account whether you’ll be using fragrance oil or not.
  • CD candle wick is a coreless, flat cotton wick braided with thin paper filament throughout.
  • Because this wick can work in all sorts of wax, it’s the first choice for many candle-creators.

This will give you three wicks to make test candles to insure you are getting the right wick. When a candle flame is too small it means that the wick is too small for the size of the candle it is in, or the wick is too small for the type of wax used to make the candle. Possible solutions to these problems include increasing the size of the wick or getting a wick that burns hotter such as hemp. A nice steady flame with minimal popping, and flickering. Some different types of wick material, low-quality wicks, and homemade wicks if you have not yet mastered your craft can be problematic. However, if you purchased your wick from a reputable supplier and not eBay or Alibaba then you should be good.

At this point the melt pool of a well-wicked candle will have achieved the desired diameter and should be approximately ½” (1.3 cm) deep. You may have 2-3 different brands and a few different sizes within that brand to test out. Wood Wicks- an innovative alternative to traditional cotton wicks. Not only do wood wicks burn cleanly and disperse fragrance excellently, they also generate subtle crackle sounds, creating a captivating acoustic ambiance. Our wood wicks are made from Maple and work well with most candle waxes. Our soft wood wicks are comprised of two identical pieces of wood pressed together.

These wicks are constructed of 100% natural fibers with paper core. The flame is appropriately sized and does not flicker. The melt pool has extended to the edge of the container and is about 1/2 inch (13 mm) deep. The wick is burning cleanly with minimal to no carbon build-up. Wooden wicks are for use in containers, and should not be used in pillars or votives. When using our wooden wicks in pure soy, we recommend using the large or extra large wick.

The Complete Guide to Candle Wick Sizes

Once you choose your wick (or wicks), finish laying out your candle design on paper. If you’re combining several waxes into one, consider starting with the wick series for the wax making up the largest percentage of your blend. Read our How To Pick Candle Wicks For Homemade Candles article to learn more about finding the right wick.

These wicks have all been primed (pre-waxed), cut to the specified length, and tabs have already been crimped on. We offer a large variety of diameters (sizes) and lengths available in several different series. You may need to experiment to get the correct size and style wick for the candle you are making. candle wick size chart We offer sampler kits for each series of wick that we carry. We also offer a master wick sampler kit which contains every wick we offer, except the wooden wicks. If you’re planning to run a candle-making business, testing the wick sizes is one of the essential parts to make a quality candle product.

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This problem even comes with more than one solution depending on candle size and what type of wick you want to use. Some wicks are more likely to mushroom than others and this is not ideal. While mushrooming can sometimes be attributed to the dye or the fragrance oil those problems can still be solved by choosing the correct wick. So read the descriptions of all of the wicks that match your container size and choose one that doesn’t mention mushrooming. When people begin making candles they obsess over what type of wax they are going to use, what fragrance oil they are going to use, what color dyes, and what type of containers.

The melt pool width of a right-wicked candle should reach out to the edge of the container.

Testing is the only way to determine the best wick to use for each candle project.

When to Use Two Candle Wicks?

All the wicks available through CandleScience follow the same rule. Within a series the larger the number, the larger the wick. So an ECO 14 is always bigger than an ECO 10, and an ECO 4 is always smaller than an ECO 6. For instance, an LX-22 may or may not be bigger than an ECO 8. Most people won’t burn their candles in any formal manner, so testing it informally (as you would burn a normal candle for recreation) is one further strategy to see how it behaves.

C-6 Soy Coconut Wax

This guide includes everything you need to know when choosing a new wick for your candle, including our candle-making wick size chart. This Candle Making Wick is designed for use in pillars and tapers. This wick gives a slight curl when burning which reduces carbon buildup and makes the wicks self-trimming. This wick is ideal for hand dipping and extruding and dipping machines.

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